Ecology and neuroscience are two sides of the same coin. Ecology aims to reveal how animal behavior interacts with the environment, and neuroscience focuses on how the brain generates behavior. The lack of communication between these huge scientific fields prevents transfer of knowledge and ideas and hinders their advance. Several years ago I stated that I aim to bridge this gap by developing tools to run controlled research in the field, on the one hand, and to study the neuro-correlates of behavior on the other hand. I termed this NeuroEcology.